Human Elephant Coexistence

Increasing human population growth, in the area adjacent to Serengeti national park and kijereshi game reserve has resulted in an increase of human-wildlife conflict, when wildlife damage crops, human properties, or even lives. This negatively influences the attitude towards wildlife and conservation issues.

Peace for Conservation (PFC ) applies beehive fencing, to deter elephant crop-raiding across target farms which experience direct conflict. Preventing damage from wildlife, particularly elephants and conflict mitigation between famers and wildlife has been the goals of Peace for conservation. Elephants destroy crops and dwellings and consequently the livelihood of a community frequently living under the most unsmiling conditions. In rare cases, humans are injured or even killed by the elephants.

Our focus is to utilize beehive fencing and locally grown chillies as well as elephant patrol groups who uses powerful spotlight chasing elephants. Beehive fencing can provide crop protection for local people’s food resources from elephant raiding as well as a source of honey which provide bee products that are an entirely natural food source. Bees also provide us with pollen, propolis, royal jelly and wax. Bee venom is another product from which people can benefit where all honey products could be sold as well to the local market to earn living.


Small scale farmers have been using elephant dung as a type of manure for generations now in some parts of the world. Because they digest so little of their food, elephant dung an excellent component of compost where dung results into very fertile soil.

Inhaling the smoke of elephant dung is a wonderful way to heal a headache, malaria Also used for treatment childhood diseases ,associated with close birth where is used as enema or smeared on body of sick child. The other diseases that healed by elephant dung are measles, paralysis, cough, fever, and also dulling toothaches and limiting other pains. Bleeding noses and sinus problems are also known to subside from elephant dung smoke.

Dried elephant dung burnt to smoke which will keep mosquitoes away for the entire night if you can do that in your room. You might be concerned that the smell will be worse. But in fact it is quite a pleasant, musky smell, and is actually less offensive to your nostrils than the average spray-on repellent.

Community members (men and women) now see elephants as contributing to their welfare instead don’t take them away. The elephant dung used to make paper which is used to make gift bags, cards, menus, signature/visitors books which are usually bought by tourists heading to the national parks in the area.

The youth groups in villages adjacent to Serengeti national Park and Kijereshi Game Reserve intends to make handicrafts, improved cook stoves and briquettes made from a mixture of elephant dung and other materials which are all a source of income for the group. The group is looking forward making life from elephant dung, so they say don’t take them away as they bring raw materials for them.

The Director Peace for conservation believes that, having this extra source of income means that the community members and their families do not have to go for hunting for bushmeat or other resources. The Peace for conservation is now looking for a donation to assist in this very important project which will reduce human-elephant conflict and improve the human-elephant co-existence.


Peace for conservation recruited commitments from target farmers, to ensure beehive fences are managed and harvested. This includes intervention techniques through check-in visits that a beekeeper may perform to ensure hive survival and to maximize hive production.

The Peace for conservation has organised patrol groups of the area to monitor elephant movements and well being, to quickly report evidence of human-elephant conflict such as crop raiding and the destruction of dwellings to Tanzania Wildlife Management Authority (TAWA) rapid res ponse group to chase them. The other commitment of patrol group is to monitor and report elephant encounters and beehive deterrent results.


 Peace for conservation cooperate with stakeholders including Kijereshi Game Reserve, local community on human-elephant conflict mitigation, local farmers living adjacent to Kijereshi Game Reserve like Lukugu Mwabayanda and Kijereshi villages received chili dung training delivered by Peace for conservation and Kijereshi Game Reserve. Peace for conservation continues to provide chill seeds to famers for cultivation, use it to chase away elephants. Peace for conservation recruited commitments from participating farmers to cultivate, harvest and process chili for dung project protecting their farms. Chili seeds for immediate processing into chili dung cakes, for use across targeted farms experiencing direct conflict with elephants. Chili peppers are a simple and cost-effective solution to assist in mitigation of human-elephant conflict. When compacted in blocks or mixed with rice husks or cow dung and burned, mixed with oil and smeared on strings or rugs hung on garden edges, and when simply planted in and around gardens, the chili’s pungent smell repels most wildlife, including elephants. Further, chili peppers can be used as a cash crop and a source of income for communities living close to protected areas through chill source making.

Famers learning in practical on how to prepare chills powder fence as a mitigation method to reduce human-Elephant conflict protecting their crops, injury and other properties from